How to Insert Average (X-Bar) Symbol in Excel?

The average symbol, or X-bar (X̅), is extensively used in statistics, mathematics, and science.

It represents the mean or average of a data set and is a fundamental concept in descriptive statistics and data analysis.

Inserting this Average X-bar symbol in Excel is a little tricky, but it can still be done.

In this article, I will show you some simple ways to insert the Average symbol in Excel.

Copy and Paste the Average Symbol into Excel

Personally, I think the easiest way to insert the average X-bar symbol (X̅) in Excel is to copy it from somewhere else and then paste it into a cell.

For example, below, I’ve provided the X bar symbol that you can copy and then paste into Excel:

Once you have this symbol in a cell in Excel, you can then continue to copy and paste it wherever you need it

Inserting Average (X-Bar) Symbol using the Symbol Dialog Box

Another way to insert the average symbol in Excel is by using the Symbol dialog box option.

Again, you can only insert the Combining Overline symbol using the symbol dialog box, and you have to manually enter the X in the cell so that it shows up as a bar over the X alphabet.

To insert the X-bar symbol in Excel using the Symbol Dialog Box, follow these steps:

  1. In a cell where you want to get the Average symbol (X-bar), enter an X
  2. Select this cell that has the X
  3. Go to the Insert tab on the ribbon.
Click the insert button
  1. Click on Symbol in the Symbols group.
Click on the symbols icon in the ribbon
  1. In the Symbol dialog box, select (Arial) from the Font dropdown and ‘Combining Diacritical Marks’ from the Subset dropdown.
Select combining diacritical marks from the symbols drop down
  1. Scroll down and select the Combining Overline character.
Select the combining overline character in the symbol dialog box
  1. Click Insert, then close the Symbol dialog box.

The above steps would give you the X-bar symbol in the cell.

Click the insert button to insert the average X bar symbol

In case you’re using any font other than Arial for the cell, you may see a slightly misaligned bar over the X alphabet. You can experiment with different fonts.

Also read: Insert Omega Symbol In Excel

Inserting Average Symbol using Formula

There isn’t a direct CHAR or UNICHAR formula in Excel to insert the
average symbol.

However, you can create it by combining an ‘X’ with a Unicode combining overline character using the below formula,

UNICHAR Function to get the average X bar symbol in Excel

UNICHAR(773) gives us the combining overline symbol, but since we want it to be above the X alphabet, we need to combine this overline symbol with the alphabet X.

You can do the same thing with other alphabets as well. For example, if you want to get the overline symbol above the alphabet ‘M’, you can use the below formula:


Note: There is no keyboard shortcut to insert the average X-bar symbol in Excel (unlike many other symbols that have the ALT shortcuts)

Inserting Average Symbol (X-Bar) using Equation

  1. Go to the Insert tab on the Ribbon.
  2. Click on Equation in the Symbols group. This action will open a new tab for Equation Tools.
Click the equation option in the rebirth in Excel
  1. In the Equation Tools, click on the ‘Accent’ option, which can be found in the Structures group.
Click on the accent option in the equation tab
  1. Select the Bar accent. This will insert the equation box in the worksheet and place a bar above the equation box.
Select the option with a bar at the top
  1. Click on the box under the bar and type X (to get the X-bar symbol).
Average symbol is now inserted in Excel as a shape

This method gives you the average symbol as an object that is not a part of a cell (like a shape or chart). You can modify the font size and other formatting features just like you would with regular text.

Once you have the X-bar symbol, you can move or copy it to the desired location in your Excel sheet.

Remember, this symbol will be part of an equation object, which behaves differently from regular text in a cell. If you need this symbol frequently, you might consider creating it once and then copying and pasting it as needed in your worksheet.

Below is a table that summarizes all the methods to insert the Average symbol in Excel:

Name of SymbolAverage (X-Bar)
Symbol Text
Shortcut for WindowsNo direct shortcut to insert X-bar symbol
Shortcut for MacNo direct shortcut to insert the X-bar symbol
Inserting using Symbol Dialog BoxInsert ‘X’, then ‘Combining Overline’ (UNICHAR 773) symbol from the Symbol dialog box after it
Inserting using Formula=”X”&UNICHAR(773)

So, these are some of the methods you can use to insert the Average/Mean X-bar symbol in Excel.

In case you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below

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I am a huge fan of Microsoft Excel and love sharing my knowledge through articles and tutorials. I work as a business analyst and use Microsoft Excel extensively in my daily tasks. My aim is to help you unleash the full potential of Excel and become a data-slaying wizard yourself.

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